1. Sir Isaac Newton was an English mathematician, physicist, and astronomer who lived in the 17th and 18th centuries.

2. He is widely recognized as one of the most influential scientists of all time.

3. Newton is best known for his laws of motion and universal gravitation, which form the basis of classical mechanics.

4. He made major contributions to calculus and optics.

5. Newton's work laid the foundations for the scientific revolution and the development of modern science.

6. He was a fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge and Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge.

7. Newton was knighted by Queen Anne in 1705.

8. He was a devout Christian and wrote more on theology than on science.

9. Newton's book "Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica" (Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy) is considered one of the most important works in the history of science.

10. Newton's laws of motion and universal gravitation are still used in physics education and research today.